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Core Metadata

Introduction

The core metadata micro service has the knowledge about the devices and sensors and how to communicate with them used by the other services, such as core data, core command, and so forth.

Specifically, metadata has the following abilities:

  • Manages information about the devices connected to, and operated by, Edge Xpert
  • Knows the type, and organization of data reported by the devices
  • Knows how to command the devices

Although metadata has the knowledge, it does not do the following activities:

  • It is not responsible for actual data collection from devices, which is performed by device services and core data
  • It is not responsible for issuing commands to the devices, which is performed by core command and device services

Data Models

To understand metadata, its important to understand the Edge Xpert data objects it manages. Metadata stores its knowledge in a local persistence database. Redis is used by default, but a database abstraction layer allows for other databases to be used.

Device Profile

Device profiles define general characteristics about devices, the data they provide, and how to command them. Think of a device profile as a template of a type or classification of device. For example, a device profile for BACnet thermostats provides general characteristics for the types of data a BACnet thermostat sends, such as current temperature and humidity level. It also defines which types of commands or actions Edge Xpert can send to the BACnet thermostat. Examples might include actions that set the cooling or heating point. Device profiles are typically specified in YAML file and uploaded to Edge Xpert. More details are provided below.

Note

The device profile was greatly simplified in Edge Xpert 2.0 . There are now just two sections of the document (deviceResources and deviceCommands) versus the three (deviceResources, deviceCommands and coreCommands) of Edge Xpert 1.x profiles. Device resources and device commands are made available through the core command service with the isHidden property on either is set to fault. This makes a core command section no longer necessary in Edge Xpert V2.

Device Profile Details

image Metadata device profile object model

A device profile has a number of high level properties to give the profile context and identification. Its name field is required and must be unique in an Edge Xpert deployment. Other fields are optional - they are not used by device services but may be populated for informational purposes:

  • Description
  • Manufacturer
  • Model
  • Labels

Here is an example general information section for a sample KMC 9001 BACnet thermostat device profile provided with the BACnet device service (you can find the profile in Github) . Only the name is required in this section of the device profile. The name of the device profile must be unique in any Edge Xpert deployment. The manufacturer, model and labels are all optional bits of information that allow better queries of the device profiles in the system.

name: "BAC-9001"
manufacturer: "KMC"
model: "BAC-9001"
labels: 
    - "B-AAC"
description: "KMC BAC-9001 BACnet thermostat"

Labels provided a way to tag, organize or categorize the various profiles. They serve no real purpose inside of Edge Xpert.

A device resource (in the deviceResources section of the YAML file) specifies a sensor value within a device that may be read from or written to either individually or as part of a device command (see below). Think of a device resource as a specific value that can be obtained from the underlying device or a value that can be set to the underlying device. In a thermostat, a device resource may be a temperature or humidity (values sensed from the devices) or cooling point or heating point (values that can be set/actuated to allow the thermostat to determine when associated heat/cooling systems are turned on or off). A device resource has a name for identification and a description for informational purposes.

The properties section of a device resource has also been greatly simplified. See details below.

Back to the BACnet example, here are two device resources. One will be used to get the temperature (read) the current temperature and the other to set (write or actuate) the active cooling set point. The device resource name must be provided and it must also be unique in any Edge Xpert deployment.

name: Temperature
description: "Get the current temperature"
isHidden: false

name: ActiveCoolingSetpoint
description: "The active cooling set point"
isHidden: false

Note

isHidden is new in Edge Xpert 2.0. While made explicit in this example, it is false by default when not specified. isHidden indicates whether to expose the device resource to the core command service.

The device service allows access to the device resources via REST endpoint. Values specified in the device resources section of the device profile can be accessed through the following URL patterns:

  • http://<device-service>:<port>/api/v2/device/name/<DeviceName>/<DeviceResourceName>

The attributes associated to a device resource are the specific parameters required by the device service to access the particular value. In other words, attributes are “inward facing” and are used by the device service to determine how to speak to the device to either read or write (get or set) some of its values. Attributes are detailed protocol and/or device specific information that informs the device service how to communication with the device to get (or set) values of interest.

Returning to the BACnet device profile example, below are the complete device resource sections for Temperature and ActiveCoolingSetPoint – inclusive of the attributes – for the example device.

-
    name: Temperature
    description: "Get the current temperature"
    isHidden: false
    attributes: 
        { type: "analogValue", instance: "1", property: "presentValue", index: "none"  }
-
    name: ActiveCoolingSetpoint
    description: "The active cooling set point"
    isHidden: false
    attributes:
        { type: "analogValue", instance: "3", property: "presentValue", index: "none"  }

The properties of a device resource describe the value obtained or set on the device. The properties can optionally inform the device service of some simple processing to be performed on the value. Again, using the BACnet profile as an example, here are the properties associated to the thermostat's temperature device resource.

name: Temperature
description: "Get the current temperature"
attributes: 
    { type: "analogValue", instance: "1", property: "presentValue", index: "none"  }
properties: 
    valueType: "Float32"
    readWrite: "R"
    units: "Degrees Fahrenheit"

The 'valueType' property of properties gives more detail about the value collected or set. In this case giving the details of the temperature value to be set. The value provides details such as the type of the data collected or set, whether the value can be read, written or both.

The following fields are available in the value property:

  • valueType - Required. The data type of the value. Supported types are Bool, Int8 - Int64, Uint8 - Uint64, Float32, Float64, String, Binary, Object and arrays of the primitive types (ints, floats, bool). Arrays are specified as eg. Float32Array, BoolArray etc.
  • readWrite - R, RW, or W indicating whether the value is readable or writable.
  • units - gives more detail about the unit of measure associated with the value. In this case, the temperature unit of measure is in degrees Fahrenheit.
  • min - minimum allowed value
  • max - maximum allowed value
  • defaultValue - a value used for PUT requests which do not specify one.
  • base - a value to be raised to the power of the raw reading before it is returned.
  • scale - a factor by which to multiply a reading before it is returned.
  • offset - a value to be added to a reading before it is returned.
  • mask - a binary mask which will be applied to an integer reading.
  • shift - a number of bits by which an integer reading will be shifted right.

The processing defined by base, scale, offset, mask and shift is applied in that order. This is done within the SDK. A reverse transformation is applied by the SDK to incoming data on set operations (NB mask transforms on set are NYI)

Device commands (in the deviceCommands section of the YAML file) define access to reads and writes for multiple simultaneous device resources. Device commands are optional. Each named device command should contain a number of get and/or set resource operations, describing the read or write respectively.

Device commands may be useful when readings are logically related, for example with a 3-axis accelerometer it is helpful to read all axes (X, Y and Z) together.

A device command consists of the following properties:

  • name - the name of the command
  • readWrite - R, RW, or W indicating whether the operation is readable or writable.
  • isHidden - indicates whether to expose the device command to the core command service (optional and false by default)
  • resourceOperations - the list of included device resource operations included in the command.

Each resourceOperation will specify:

  • the deviceResource - the name of the device resource
  • defaultValue - optional, a value to return when the operation does not provide one
  • parameter - optional, a value that will be used if a PUT request does not specify one.
  • mappings - optional, allows readings of String type to be re-mapped.

The device commands can also be accessed through a device service’s REST API in a similar manner as described for device resources.

  • http://<device-service>:<port>/api/v2/device/name/<DeviceName>/<DeviceCommandName>

If a device command and device resource have the same name, it will be the device command which is available.

Note

Core commands have been removed in Edge Xpert V2. Use isHidden with a value of false to service device resources and device commands to the command service.

Device resources or device commands that are not hidden are seen and available via the Edge Xpert core command service.

Other services (such as the rules engine) or external clients of Edge Xpert, should make requests of device services through the core command service, and when they do, they are calling on the device service’s unhidden device commands or device resources. Direct access to the device commands or device resources of a device service is frowned upon. Commands, made available through the Edge Xpert command service, allow the Edge Xpert adopter to add additional security or controls on who/what/when things are triggered and called on an actual device.

Device

Data about actual devices is another type of information that the metadata micro service stores and manages. Each device managed by Edge Xpert Foundry registers with metadata (via its owning device service. Each device must have a unique name associated to it.

Metadata stores information about a device (such as its address) against the name in its database. Each device is also associated to a device profile. This association enables metadata to apply knowledge provided by the device profile to each device. For example, a thermostat profile would say that it reports temperature values in Celsius. Associating a particular thermostat (the thermostat in the lobby for example) to the thermostat profile allows metadata to know that the lobby thermostat reports temperature value in Celsius.

Device Service

Metadata also stores and manages information about the device services. Device services serve as Edge Xpert's interfaces to the actual devices and sensors.

Device services are other micro services that communicate with devices via the protocol of that device. For example, a Modbus device service facilitates communications among all types of Modbus devices. Examples of Modbus devices include motor controllers, proximity sensors, thermostats, and power meters. Device services simplify communications with the device for the rest of Edge Xpert.

When a device service starts, it registers itself with metadata. When Edge Xpert provisions a new devices the device gets associated to its owning device service. That association is also stored in metadata.

Metadata Device, Device Service and Device Profile Model

image Metadata's Device Profile, Device and Device Service object model and the association between them

Provision Watcher

Device services may contain logic to automatically provision new devices. This can be done statically or dynamically. In static device configuration (also known as static provisioning) the device service connects to and establishes a new device that it manages in Edge Xpert (specifically metadata) from configuration the device service is provided. For example, a device service may be provided with the specific IP address and additional device details for a device (or devices) that it is to onboard at startup. In static provisioning, it is assumed that the device will be there and that it will be available at the address or place specified through configuration. The devices and the connection information for those devices is known at the point that the device service starts.

In dynamic discovery (also known as automatic provisioning), a device service is given some general information about where to look and general parameters for a device (or devices). For example, the device service may be given a range of BLE address space and told to look for devices of a certain nature in this range. However, the device service does not know that the device is physically there – and the device may not be there at start up. It must continually scan during its operations (typically on some sort of schedule) for new devices within the guides of the location and device parameters provided by configuration.

Not all device services support dynamic discovery. If it does support dynamic discovery, the configuration about what and where to look (in other words, where to scan) for new devices is specified by a provision watcher. A provision watcher, is specific configuration information provided to a device service (usually at startup) that gets stored in metadata. In addition to providing details about what devices to look for during a scan, a provision watcher may also contain “blocking” indicators, which define parameters about devices that are not to be automatically provisioned. This allows the scope of a device scan to be narrowed or allow specific devices to be avoided.

image Metadata's provision watcher object model

Data Dictionary

Property Description
The metadata base structure for common information needed to make a request to an Edge Xpert target.
Type REST or MQTT
Host Target's address string - such as an IP address
Port Port for the target address
Property Description
Structure extending BaseAddress, used to make a request of Edge Xpert targets via REST.
Path URI path beyond the host and port
HTTPMethod Method for connecting (i.e. POST)
Property Description
Structure extending BaseAddress, used to make a request of Edge Xpert targets via MQTT.
Publisher Publisher name
User User id for authentication
Password Password of the user for authentication
Topic Topic for message bus
QoS Quality of service level for message publishing; value 0, 1, or 2
KeepAlive Maximum time interval in seconds with no comms before closing
Retained Flag to have the broker store the last rec'd message for future subscribers
AutoReconnect Indication to reconnect on failed connection
ConnectTimeout Maximum time interval the client will wait for the connection to the MQTT server to be established
Property Description
AutoEvent supports auto-generated events sourced from a device service
Interval How often the specific resource needs to be polled.
OnChange indicates whether the device service will generate an event only
SourceName the name of the resource in the device profile which describes the event to generate
Property Description
The object that contains information about the state, position, reachability, and methods of interfacing with a Device; represents a registered device participating within the Edge Xpert ecosystem
Id Uniquely identifies the device, a UUID for example
Description Provide further description about this device
Name Name for identifying a device
AdminState Admin state (LOCKED/UNLOCKED)
OperatingState Operating state (UP/DOWN)
Protocols A map of supported protocols for the given device
LastConnected Time (milliseconds) that the device last provided any feedback or responded to any request
LastReported Time (milliseconds) that the device reported data to the core microservice
Labels Labels applied to the device to help with searching
Location Device service specific location (interface{} is an empty interface so it can be anything)
ServiceName Associated Device Service - One per device
ProfileName Associated Device Profile - Describes the device
AutoEvents A list of auto-generated events coming from the device
Tags Define the tags which can be added to the events produced from this device in the App Service
Property Description
represents the attributes and operational capabilities of a device. It is a template for which there can be multiple matching devices within a given system.
Id Uniquely identifies the device, a UUID for example
Description Provide further description about this device profile
Name Name for identifying a device profile
Manufacturer Manufacturer of the device
Model Model of the device
Labels Labels used to search for groups of profiles
DeviceResources deviceResource collection
DeviceCommands collect of deviceCommand
Property Description
The atomic description of a particular protocol level interface for a class of Devices; represents a value on a device that can be read or written
Description Provide further description about this device resource
Name Name for identifying a device resource
Tags Define the tags which can be added to the events produced from this device resource in the App Service
Properties List of associated properties
Attributes List of associated attributes
Property Description
represents a service that is responsible for proxying connectivity between a set of devices and the Edge Xpert core services; the current state and reachability information for a registered device service
Id Uniquely identifies the device service, a UUID for example
Name Name for identifying a device service
LastConnected Time (milliseconds) that the device last reported data to the core
LastReported Time (milliseconds) that the device service reported data to the core microservice
Labels Labels applied to the device service for search or other identification needs
BaseAddress address (MQTT topic, HTTP address, serial bus, etc.) for reaching the service
AdminState Device Service Admin State (LOCKED/UNLOCKED)
Property Description
The transformation and constraint properties for a device resource.
ValueType Type of the value
ReadWrite Read/Write Permissions set for this property
Minimum Minimum value that can be get/set from this property
Maximum Maximum value that can be get/set from this property
DefaultValue Default value set to this property if no argument is passed
Mask Mask to be applied prior to get/set of property
Shift Shift to be applied after masking, prior to get/set of property
Scale Multiplicative factor to be applied after shifting, prior to get/set of property
Offset Additive factor to be applied after multiplying, prior to get/set of property
Base Base for property to be applied to, leave 0 for no power operation (i.e. base ^ property: 2 ^ 10)
Assertion Required value of the property, set for checking error state. Failing an assertion condition will mark the device with an error state
MediaType A string value used to indicate the type of binary data if valueType=binary
Property Description
The metadata used by a Service for automatically provisioning matching Devices.
Id Uniquely identifies the provision watcher, a UUID for example
Name Name for identifying of the provision watcher
Labels Labels applied to the provision watcher for search or other identification needs
Identifiers Set of key value pairs that identify property (MAC, HTTP,...) and value to watch for (00-05-1B-A1-99-99, 10.0.0.1,...)
BlockingIdentifiers Set of key-values pairs that identify devices which will not be added despite matching on Identifiers
ProfileName Name of the device profile that should be applied to the devices available at the identifier addresses
ServiceName Name of the device service that new devices will be associated to
AdminState Administrative state for new devices - either unlocked or locked
AutoEvents Associated auto events to this watcher

Configuration Properties

Please refer to the general Common Configuration documentation for configuration properties common to all services. Below are only the additional settings and sections that are not common to all Edge Xpert Services.

Property Default Value Description
Properties used by the service to access the database
Name 'metadata' Document store or database name
Property Default Value Description
Configuration to post device changes through the notifiction service
PostDeviceChanges false Whether to send out notification when a device has been added, changed, or removed
Content 'Meatadata notice: ' Start of the notification message when sending notification messages on device change
Sender 'core-metadata' Sender of any notification messages sent on device change
Description 'Metadata change notice' Message description of any notification messages sent on device change
Label 'metadata' Label to put on messages for any notification messages sent on device change
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